Criminal Records State Expungement Laws: Record Sealing and Modification

  1. In the United states, there are two types of laws which address how criminal records, sealings and other types of relief to clear a record may be accomplished. Many states have laws that govern whether and how criminal records may be cleared and removed under state law.

    Explanation of state expungement and record sealing laws

    In circumstances where a state does not have laws specifically address expungements, sealing or other types of relief to clear a record, such relief may be accomplished by filing under law and legal protection of and under the Constitution (the 4th, 5th and 14th Amendments.) Below is a list of each US State and expungement laws, sealing laws and record modification laws that apply. Please note that, as laws change over the course of time, this list may not be complete and you must check with your local government or an experienced expungements lawyer to confirm current expungement, sealing and record modification law.

    State Expungement and Record Sealing and Modification Laws, by State


    ALABAMA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy Of your Criminal Record: 32-2-60 through 32-2-62
    Right to Challenge (information on your criminal record): 41-9-645
    Judicial Review of Challenged Information: 41-9-645
    Purging, (Erasing, Expunging) Non-conviction Information: 41-9-645

    ALASKA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 12.62.160(b)(11)
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): 12.62.170(b)
    Sealing Conviction and Non-conviction Information:12.62.180(b)
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Conviction Information: 12.62.190 (same for Non-conviction)

    ARIZONA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 41-1750.G.5; Reg. 13-1 -08
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): 41-2203A.5; Reg. 13-1-08D
    Sealing Conviction Information: 13-907 (For Non-conviction: 13-4051)
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Conviction Information: 8-247

    ARKANSAS - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 12-12-211
    Right to Challenge (information on your criminal record): 12-12-211; 12-12-1013
    Sealing Conviction Information: None
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Non-conviction Information: 12-12-207(i)

    CALIFORNIA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: Pen. Code 13323;, 11122; 11124
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): Pen. Code 13324; 11126
    Sealing Conviction Information: Pen. Code 1203.45 (Non-conviction: Pen. Code 851.8)
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Non-conviction Information: H&S Code 11361.5; Pen. Code 851.8 (Conviction: Same)

    COLORADO - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Make Copy of Criminal records 24:-72-301:24-72-306
    Right to Challenge Information in a criminal record: 24-72-307
    Sealing Conviction 24-72-308
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Conviction Information: 24-72-308(8)

    CONNECTICUT - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 54-142k
    Right To Challenge (information in your criminal record): 54-1421
    Sealing Conviction Information: 54-142a; 54-142b (Non-conviction: 29-16; 54-142a)
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Conviction Information: 54-142a (Non-conviction: 54-142a)

    DELAWARE - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 11-8513
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): 11-8506(e); 11-1448A 11-8560
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 11-4372
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Conviction Information: 11-8506(c) (Non-conviction: Same)

    DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA & Federal Zones - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 1-1522; 4-135; 1 DCMR 1004.1
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): None
    Sealing Conviction Information: 33-541(e); SCR Crim 118; Crim. 32(g).(Non-conviction): SCR Crim 118)
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Conviction Information: None

    FLORIDA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record and 943.056; Reg. 11C-8
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): (Same)
    Sealing Conviction Information: 943.059; Reg. 11C-7 (Non-conviction: Same)
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging): 943.0585; Ileg. 11C-7 (Non-conviction: same)

    GEORGIA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 35-3-37(b), & Reg. 140-2-. 10
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): Same as above
    Judicial Review of Challenged Information: Same as
    Sealing (Under Court Order) Non-conviction Information: 42-8-65(a)

    HAWAII - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 92E-7; 846-14
    Right to Challenge (information in a record): 92E-11; 846-14
    Sealing Conviction Information: (Non-conviction: 831-3.2)
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Non-conviction Information: 831-3.2; 852-1 Ce)

    ILLINOIS - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 20-2630/7
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): 20/2630 / 7; 20-3930 / 7(h)
    Sealing Non-conviction: 20-2630/5
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Non-conviction Information: 20-2630/5; 20-2605/55(a). (Conviction: 7 30-5/5-6-3. 1(f))

    INDIANA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 5-2-5-8
    Right to Challenge (information in record): 5-2-5-8(b), 5-2-5-10(b)
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 35-38-5-1 (conviction: 35-38-5)
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Information: 35-38-5-1

    IOWA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: Regs. 692.5; 661-11.4; 661-11.5
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): 692.5; Regs. 661-11.4
    Sealing Conviction Information: 907.9
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Non-conviction Information: 692.17; 692.16 (Conviction: 907.9)

    KANSAS - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & take notes about what is in your Criminal Record: 224709; 22-4711; Reg. 10-13-2
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): 224709; 224711
    Sealing Conviction Information: 22-4619; 12-4516
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Non-conviction Information: None (Use Civil Remedy: 224707)

    KENTUCKY - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 17. 150; 61-874; 61-884; Reg. 502 KAR 30:070
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): Reg. 502 KAR 30:070
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 17.142
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Non-conviction Information: Use 61.882; 17.157; or U.SC. Title 42 Sec 1983 aka the Civil Rights Act

    LOUISIANA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: Reg. LAC 1-18:3(9)
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): 15:588; Reg. LAC 1-18:4
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 44.9 (conviction: same)
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Non-conviction Information LRS 15:586; 44:9

    MAINE - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 16-620(1)
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): 16-620(2),(3)
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None (Use 25.1550, or U.S. 1983 Civil Rights Action)
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging): None (Use 25-1550 or Judicial Review-16-620(4) or U.S. 1983 Civil Rights Action)

    MARYLAND - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Obtain Copy: Reg. 12.15.01.05
    Urging of Non-conviction(Expungement): 27-736; 27-737
    Removal of Disqualifications (Restores 641; 27-735 through 741
    Right to State Nonexistence of Record: (may say no record exists): 27-641; 27-739; 27-740
    Civil Remedies: Reg. 12.15.01.10; 27-753

    MASSACHUSETTS - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Obtain Copy (of your record): 6-175; Reg.803 CMR 6.02,6.05,6.06
    Purging (Expungement) of Non-conviction Information: 6-175; Reg. 803 CMR 6.07(3)
    Purging of Conviction Information: (same)
    Sealing of Non-conviction Information: 276-bOA, B, C; Reg. 803 CMR 7.02
    Sealing of Conviction Information: 94C-34; 127-152; 276-bOA, B, C; Reg. 803 CMR 7.02
    Right to State Nonexistence of Record: 94C-34; 276-100A, C; 151B-4(a); 127-152
    Civil Remedies: 6-177; 6-168; Reg. 803 CMR 6.07,6.08

    MICHIGAN - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Obtain Copy (of your record):15.235; 15.233
    Purging (erasure) of Non-conviction Information:28.243
    Sealing of Non-conviction Information: 333.7411; 769.4a; 750.350a(4)
    Sealing of Conviction Information: 780.623; 712A.18e
    Right to State Nonexistence of Record: 37.2205a

    MINNESOTA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Obtain Copy (of your record):13.04, Sub. 3
    Purging of Non-conviction Information (erases record): 299C.11; 152.18
    Purging of Conviction Information: 152.18; 364.04
    Sealing of Non-conviction Information: 299C.11;152.18
    Sealing of Conviction Information: 242.31; 364.04; 609.166 through 609. 168; 638.02, Subd. 3-5
    Removal of Disqualifications (Restores Rights): 152.18; 242.31; 364.03

    MISSISSIPPI - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Obtain Copy (of your record): 45-27-11
    Purging (Erasing) Non-conviction Information: 45-27-9(2), (4)
    Purging Conviction Information: 45-27-9(10); 45-27-11
    Civil Remedies: Fed. Reg. 28, Part 20, and 1983 Civil Rights suit

    MISSOURI - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Obtain Copy (of your record): Reg. CSR 30-3.070
    Sealing of Non-conviction Information: 610. 100; 610.105; 610.120
    Sealing of Conviction Information: 610. 106; 610.120
    Right to State Nonexistence of Record: (may say no record exists): 610.110
    Civil Remedies: Federal Regulation 28, Part 20, and 1983
    Civil Rights suit for Deprivation of Civil Rights

    MONTANA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Obtain Copy (of your record):44-5-214
    Purging (Erasing) Non-conviction Information: 44-5-212; 44-5-202(8)
    Purging Conviction Information: 44-5-2 12; 44-5-202(8)
    Sealing of Non-conviction Information: 44-5-202(8)
    Sealing of Conviction Information: 46-18-204
    Civil Remedies: 44-2-205; 44-5-112

    Nebraska - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Obtain Copy (of your record):29-3520; 29-3525
    Right to Challenge (what is in your record): 29-3525;29-3526
    Civil Remedies: 84-712.03; 29-3528
    Other Civil Remedies: Federal Regulation 28, Part 20, and 1983 Civil Rights suit

    NEVADA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Obtain Copy (of your record):179K 150
    Purging (Erasing) Non-conviction Information:179A.075.2, and 179A.160
    Purging Conviction Information: 179A.160.Sealing: 179.255; 179.275
    Sealing Conviction Information: 453.336; 179.245; 179.255; 179.275
    Civil Remedies: 179.230.
    Other Civil Remedies: Federal Regulation 28, Part 20, and 1983
    Civil Rights Action suit for Deprivation of Civil Rights by Persons Acting Under Color of Law

    NEW HAMPSHIRE - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect and Obtain Copy: Reg. 3.B.9
    Purging (Erasure) of Non-conviction Information: Reg. 3.D
    Purging of Conviction Information: Reg. 3.D.
    Sealing of Non-conviction Information: 651:5; 318-B:28-a
    Removal of Disqualifications (Restores Rights): 651:5
    Right to State Nonexistence of Record: 65 1:5

    NEW JERSEY - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Challenge (your record): NJAC 13:59-1.8(B)
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 2C:52-6; 2C:36A- 1
    Sealing of Conviction Information: 20:52-2; 20:52-3; and 20:52-4,5
    Removal of Disqualifications (Restores Rights): 20:52-27
    Right to State Nonexistence of Record (may say no record exists): 20:52-27
    Civil Remedies: 47:1A-4, 53:1-20

    NEW MEXICO - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: 29-10-6; 29-10-8; 14-2-1; 14-2A-1; 32A-2-26; 32A-3B-22
    Right to Challenge (information in your criminal record): 29-10-8
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 30-31-28; 32A-2-26
    Purging (Erasing, Expunging) Non-conviction Information: 30-31-28; 32A-3B-26; 32A-3B-21; 32A-20-1; 32A-2-16

    NEW YORK - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Copy of your Criminal Record: Reg. 9 NYCRR 6050.1
    Purging Conviction Information; CPL 160.55; Family Court Act 354.1 (Non-conviction: CPL 160.50, FCA 354.1)
    Sealing Conviction Information: CPL 160.55(1.Xc);CPL 720.15; 3B-26; 32A-3B-21; 32A-20-1; 32A-2-16
    (Non-conviction : CPL 160.50(1.Xc); CPL 170.56;CPL 720.15)

    NORTH CAROLINA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Notes of your Record: REG. NOAC 4F.0404
    Purging Conviction Information; 90-96; 15A-145; REG. NOAC 4F.0501 & 02 (Non-conviction: 15A-146; REG. NCAC 4F.0501 & 02)
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: None
    Civil Remedies: Reg.: NCAC 4G.0201

    NORTH DAKOTA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right To Inspect & Make Notes of your Record: 12-60.3 & Administrative Rules
    Purging Conviction Information: None
    (Non-conviction: Rule of Judicial Conduct B Rule 6)
    Expungement Non-conviction Information: Rule 6 E (1)
    Sealing Conviction Information: None

    OHIO - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Make Notes of your Records: None
    Purging Conviction Information: None
    Purging Non-conviction Information: 109.60, 2951.04.1
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: 2953.32

    OKLAHOMA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain a Copy of Record: 51-24A.5
    Purging Conviction Information: 22-991C; 63-2410
    Purging Non-conviction Information: 22-18; 22-991C;22-305.4
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 22-18 & 19; 22-991C; 63-2410
    Sealing Conviction Information: (Same as above)

    OREGON - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain a Copy of Record:181.540(1.)(b)
    Purging Conviction Information; 137.225
    Purging Non-conviction Information: Same as above
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 137.225(1.Xb)
    Sealing Conviction Information: 137.225(1.Xa)

    PENNSYLVANIA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain a Copy of Record: 18-9151, 9152; & Reg. 195.4
    Purging Conviction Information; 18-9122
    Purging Non-conviction Information: Same
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: None

    PUERTO RICO - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain a Copy of Record: ACT 4(m); Reg. 9(a)
    Purging Conviction Information; ACT 8
    Purging Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: None

    RHODE ISLAND - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain a Copy of Record: 38-2-3m), & Reg. 9(a)
    Purging Conviction Information: None Purging Non-conviction Information: 12-1-12
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: 12-1.3-2
    Sealing Conviction Information: None

    SOUTH CAROLINA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain a Copy of Record: Reg. 73-25
    Purging Conviction Information: Reg. 73-27, 22-5-910
    Purging Non-conviction Information: 17- 1-40, Reg. 73-27
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: None

    SOUTH DAKOTA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain a Copy of Record: 1-11-13; 23-5-13; 23-6-9; Reg. 2:02:03:01
    Purging Conviction Information: 23-6-8.1; Reg. 2:02:03:02 and 05
    Purging Non-conviction Information: Same
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: 23A-27-14 and 17

    TENNESSEE - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain Record: 40-15-106; 40-32-101; 40-35-313; 10-7-506, 507; Regs. 1395-1-1-.08(1)(k)
    Purging Conviction Information: None (See 40-35-313(b))
    Purging Non-conviction Information: 40-15-106; 40-32-101
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None Sealing Conviction Information: 23A-27-14 and 17

    TEXAS - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain Record: 40-15-106; 40-32-101; Reg. 37 TAO 27.1; TROS 6252-17a
    Purging Conviction Information: None
    Purging Non-conviction Information: Code Of Criminal Procedure Article 55.01
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: None

    UTAH - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain Record: 53-5-214(7)
    Purging Conviction Information: 77-18-2
    Purging Non-conviction Information: 77-18-2; 53-5-214(4)
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 77-18-2(2Xa) Sealing Conviction Information: 77-18-2(3)

    VERMONT - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain Record: Reg. 8.10
    Purging Conviction Information: Reg. 10.10
    Purging Non-conviction Information: Reg. 10.10
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: Reg. 10.10
    Sealing Conviction Information: Reg. 10.10

    VIRGINIA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain Record: 19.2-389; 9-192, 193; Reg. 2.3, 2.4
    Purging Conviction Information: None
    Purging Non-conviction Information: 9-190
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 9-190; 19.2-392.2; Reg. 2.6
    Sealing Conviction Information: Civil Remedy: 2.1-346.1, 9-194

    VIRGIN ISLANDS - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain Record: T.3-881(b)
    Purging Conviction Information: None
    Purging Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: Reg. 10.10

    WASHINGTON - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain Record: 10.97.080; Reg. WAC 446-20-090
    Purging Conviction Information:9.94A.230;10.97.060
    Purging Non-conviction Information: 10.97.060; Reg. WAC 446-20-110
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: 13.50.050
    Sealing Conviction Information: 13.50.050

    WEST VIRGINIA - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain Record: 29B-1-3
    Purging Conviction Information: None
    Purging Non-conviction Information: 15-2-24(h)
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None
    Sealing Conviction Information: None

    WISCONSIN - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain Record: 19.35(1)
    Purging Conviction Information: None
    Purging Non-conviction: 165.84(1)
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None (Civil Remedy 19.37)
    Sealing Conviction Information: None

    WYOMING - Expungement, Sealing and Record Modification Laws

    Right to Inspect & Obtain Record: 7-19-109
    Purging Conviction Information: 7-13-301
    Purging Non-conviction: None
    Sealing Non-conviction Information: None (Civil Remedy C None)
    Sealing Conviction Information: None
    Criminal Law & Procedure:
    Expungement

    Michael Wechsler

    Michael Wechsler
    Michael M. Wechsler is an experienced attorney, founder of TheLaw.com, A. Research Scholar at Columbia Business School and of-counsel to Kaplan, Williams & Graffeo, LLC. He was also an SVP and chief Internet strategist at Zedge.net and legal consultant at Kroll Ontrack, a leading service e-discovery and computer forensics service provider.

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