Lawsuits & Disputes

When people have disputes that need to be settled, they can seek a decision from a court (by filing a lawsuit) or from another party outside of the court system (such as an arbitrator or mediator.)

The term “litigation” means to contest or engage someone in a lawsuit. A civil action is a lawsuit brought by an injured party (the “plaintiff”) who claims to have suffered damages as a result of the wrongful actions of another party (the “defendant.”) Litigation allows for each party to obtain more evidence about their case (discovery and interrogatories), call witnesses to testify and argue the merits of their case. A judge or jury will render a verdict after both sides present their case. The U.S. court system consists primarily of federal courts (making decisions concerning federal law and disputes between residents of different states), state courts, city and municipal courts, appeals courts and courts of special jurisdiction. Small Claims Court is used mostly by consumers to settle small disputes. It is locally accessible, more informal and less costly than most civil courts which usually suggest the need for a lawyer. Arbitration and mediation are alternative forms of resolving legal disputes outside of the court system which are usually less costly, more informal and move more quickly to a conclusion.

  1. Hiring an Attorney Understanding Your Lawyer's Bill: Legal Costs, Expenses & Fees

    A list of legal costs you may be responsible to pay on a lawyer's bill - even on a contingency fee basis. Best practices how to negotiate down your bill.
  2. Legal Resources What is "The Bar?" State Bar Association List for All US States

    Contact information for every state bar association in the US, including an explanation of what a bar association is and how it serves the public and legal profession.
  3. Statute of Limitations Illinois Statute of Limitations, Civil Actions

    A comprehensive chart and explanation of the Illinois statute of limitations, the time limits for bringing or facing a lawsuit in an Illinois state court.
  4. Class Actions Class Action Lawsuits: How to Qualify, Start and Join a Case

    What is a class action? How can you start a class action lawsuit? Who must you notify? What is required? Answers to the most frequent questions about class actions.
  5. Statute of Limitations California Statute of Limitations, Civil Actions

    A comprehensive chart and explanation of the California statute of limitations, the time limits for bringing or facing a lawsuit in an California state court.
  6. Statute of Limitations Texas Statute of Limitations, Civil Actions

    A comprehensive chart and explanation of the Texas statute of limitations, the time limits for bringing or facing a lawsuit in a Texas state court.
  7. Statute of Limitations New Jersey Statute of Limitations, Civil Actions

    A comprehensive chart and explanation of the New Jersey statute of limitations, the time limits for bringing or facing a lawsuit in a New Jersey state court.
  8. Statute of Limitations New York Statute of Limitations, Civil Actions

    A comprehensive chart and explanation of the New York statute of limitations, the time limits for bringing or facing a lawsuit in a New York state court.
  9. Collection & Enforcement Judgment Collection in Small Claims & Civil Courts

    Winning your case in Small Claims Court doesn't mean you get paid after the judgment. These are the steps you take to enforce your judgment so you can get paid.
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