Criminal Law

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Criminal Law consists of rules and regulations created by state and federal government, that define the responsibilities each member of the public has to society. It is commonly referred to as the “Penal Code.” Criminal Procedure refers to the process of carrying out criminal charges. It covers search and seizure matters, arraignment, pleas, discovery, trials and appeals.

Criminal Law is generally divided into two categories – misdemeanors and felonies. A misdemeanor is a lesser crime typically punishable by a fine and potentially up to one year in a local jail. A felony is a serious crime punishable by one year or more in prison or death. Felonies also trigger the right to a public defender if the defendant cannot afford a criminal attorney. The burden of proof to convict a criminal defendant is “proof beyond a reasonable doubt” – a higher standard than a plaintiff’s burden in Civil Court. Other matters covered under criminal law include parole, probation, record sealing and expungement.

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  1. Child Abuse, Sex Crimes Statutory Rape Law and the Age of Consent

    An explanation of the crime of statutory rape, the legal age of consent to have sex under each state, punishment, sentencing and reporting requirements.
  2. Child Abuse, Sex Crimes Defenses to Child Abuse Charges

    An explanation of legal defenses to child abuse charges, including false allegations, a parent's right to discipline, accidental injuries, divorce and other issues.
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