Criminal Law

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Criminal Law consists of rules and regulations created by state and federal government, that define the responsibilities each member of the public has to society. It is commonly referred to as the “Penal Code.” Criminal Procedure refers to the process of carrying out criminal charges. It covers search and seizure matters, arraignment, pleas, discovery, trials and appeals.

Criminal Law is generally divided into two categories – misdemeanors and felonies. A misdemeanor is a lesser crime typically punishable by a fine and potentially up to one year in a local jail. A felony is a serious crime punishable by one year or more in prison or death. Felonies also trigger the right to a public defender if the defendant cannot afford a criminal attorney. The burden of proof to convict a criminal defendant is “proof beyond a reasonable doubt” – a higher standard than a plaintiff’s burden in Civil Court. Other matters covered under criminal law include parole, probation, record sealing and expungement.


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  1. Sentencing Assault and Battery Punishment, Penalties & Sentencing

    Understand what penalties are for assault and battery crimes and how sentencing is determined, including the affect of past crimes and aggravating factors.
  2. Sentencing Alternative Sentencing: Fines, Probation, Community Service, Deferred Adjudication

    A complete guide to alternative sentences available to defendants so they can avoid having a criminal record or serving jail or prison time.
  3. Sentencing Criminal Sentencing: Probation & Community Service Facts

    Understanding the sentencing process in criminal court, differences between parole and probation, hearings, early releases, community service, revocation of probation.
  4. Sentencing How a Judge Imposes Sentencing & Considerations

    How does a judge impose a criminal sentence? What is procedure? What factors are considered before deciding upon jail, prison, probation or parole? How are sentences imposed?