Criminal Law

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Criminal Law consists of rules and regulations created by state and federal government, that define the responsibilities each member of the public has to society. It is commonly referred to as the “Penal Code.” Criminal Procedure refers to the process of carrying out criminal charges. It covers search and seizure matters, arraignment, pleas, discovery, trials and appeals.

Criminal Law is generally divided into two categories – misdemeanors and felonies. A misdemeanor is a lesser crime typically punishable by a fine and potentially up to one year in a local jail. A felony is a serious crime punishable by one year or more in prison or death. Felonies also trigger the right to a public defender if the defendant cannot afford a criminal attorney. The burden of proof to convict a criminal defendant is “proof beyond a reasonable doubt” – a higher standard than a plaintiff’s burden in Civil Court. Other matters covered under criminal law include parole, probation, record sealing and expungement.

  1. Arrest, Booking, Criminal Charges & Expungement Processes

    An explanation of what criminal charges are, the process of an arrest and booking at the police station, Miranda Rights, how to remove criminal charges from your record and more.
  2. Police Activity Miranda Rights, the Miranda Warning & Police Questioning

    A detailed explanation of the Miranda Warning, its origin, your rights, what it covers, what to do if you're in police custody and what to know if you're on trial in a criminal court.
  3. Pretrial Process Bail Hearings and Release From Jail or Police Custody

    An explanation of bail and bail hearings and list of requirements things you can do to increase your chances of being released on bail, list of reasons why bail might be denied, and more.
  4. Sentencing Criminal Sentencing: Probation & Community Service Facts

    Understanding the sentencing process in criminal court, differences between parole and probation, hearings, early releases, community service, revocation of probation.
  5. Criminal Records State Expungement Laws: Record Sealing and Modification

    Explanation of state expungement and record sealing laws, list for each states expungement laws, rules and regulations for sealing records, juvenile records, record modifications.
  6. Police Activity How to Handle a Police Search of Your Home

    A checklist of what you should do and say if the police arrive at your home to conduct a search of the premises and your property. Your rights and defenses.
  7. Sentencing How a Judge Imposes Sentencing & Considerations

    How does a judge impose a criminal sentence? What is procedure? What factors are considered before deciding upon jail, prison, probation or parole? How are sentences imposed?
  8. Juvenile Crime Juvenile Crime: Process, Prosecution & Rehabilitation

    Who is legally considered a juvenile or a "minor" and do juvenile court and handle crimes committed by minors? What is procedure? Answers to these questions and more.