Criminal Law

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Criminal Law consists of rules and regulations created by state and federal government, that define the responsibilities each member of the public has to society. It is commonly referred to as the “Penal Code.” Criminal Procedure refers to the process of carrying out criminal charges. It covers search and seizure matters, arraignment, pleas, discovery, trials and appeals.

Criminal Law is generally divided into two categories – misdemeanors and felonies. A misdemeanor is a lesser crime typically punishable by a fine and potentially up to one year in a local jail. A felony is a serious crime punishable by one year or more in prison or death. Felonies also trigger the right to a public defender if the defendant cannot afford a criminal attorney. The burden of proof to convict a criminal defendant is “proof beyond a reasonable doubt” – a higher standard than a plaintiff’s burden in Civil Court. Other matters covered under criminal law include parole, probation, record sealing and expungement.

  1. Shoplifting, Larceny, Theft Civil Demand Letters, Retail Theft and Recovery

    An explanation of civil demand letters you may receive for shoplifting and retail theft. Should you pay them? Can you also face criminal prosecution?
  2. Fraud, ID & Money Fraud and Misrepresentation: Civil & Criminal Offenses

    Learn about the crime of fraud and misrepresentation, criminal charges and civil law, fraud detection tips and what to do if you've been a fraud victim.
  3. Child Abuse, Sex Crimes Statutory Rape Law and the Age of Consent

    An explanation of the crime of statutory rape, the legal age of consent to have sex under each state, punishment, sentencing and reporting requirements.
  4. Criminal Records Expungement: How to Clear Your Criminal Record

    How to expunge your criminal record, seal it, or remove your criminal record from public view, conditions for expungement, what cannot be expunged and more.
  5. Juvenile Crime Juvenile Delinquents and the Juvenile Justice System

    What is a juvenile delinquent? What special rights and help do youthful offenders receive? How does juvenile court and sentencing differ from criminal court?
  6. Child Abuse, Sex Crimes Defenses to Child Abuse Charges

    An explanation of legal defenses to child abuse charges, including false allegations, a parent's right to discipline, accidental injuries, divorce and other issues.
  7. Fraud, ID & Money Bribery Charges: Types, Elements & Penalties

    Explanation of the crime of bribery and sentencing guidelines. Bribery is an offer or receipt of value which influences a public official or employee in their duties.
  8. Sentencing Assault and Battery Punishment, Penalties & Sentencing

    Understand what penalties are for assault and battery crimes and how sentencing is determined, including the affect of past crimes and aggravating factors.
  9. Drugs, Controlled Substances Drug Trafficking and Distribution Offenses

    Drug trafficking and distribution offenses are felony crimes. State and federal law will typically apply and the penalties for a conviction can be severe.
  10. Police Activity Stop and Frisk: Your Search and Seizure Rights

    Understanding "stop and frisk" and "search and seizure" law, reasonable suspicion v. probable cause, racial profiling, illegal stops, Terry Stops and more.
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